Miyoshi Umeki with the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Sayonara (1957). She is the first and only Asian woman to win an Academy Award for acting.
Gloria Richardson pushes a national guard bayonet out of her face during a 1963 civil rights protest in Maryland.
Today in history: February 19, 1942 - President Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066, leading to the incarceration of almost 120,000 Japanese Americans in concentration camps during World War II.
The war-time measures applied to Japanese Americans in a sweeping way, uprooting entire communities particularly on the West Coast. Afterward, Japanese Americans fought a legal battle against the concentration camps all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. The original Supreme Court decision which upheld the camps in the interests of ‘national security’ was later vacated (overturned on a technicality), but the Supreme Court never ruled that the camps were unconstitutional. After a decades-long battle, in 1988 the U.S. government was forced to formally apologize for the internment, admitting that government actions were based on “race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership.”
The U.S. government eventually disbursed more than $1.6 billion in reparations to Japanese Americans who had been interned and their descendents. Today Japanese American organizations on the West Coast organize an annual Day of Remembrance to mark this date and to continue to raise consciousness so that such attacks on civil liberties never happen again to Japanese Americans or oppressed groups.
(image: sign ordering Japanese Americans to concentration camps)
Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)
Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns.
Check out Jonathan Katz’ beautiful essay from Significant Others: Creativity & Intimate Partnership, The Art of Code, for a unique look at LGBT couples in art, as well as some perspective on the influence of Rauschenberg and Johns’ relationship and sexualities on their respective work and careers.
To ice cream.
Take Tin Ice-Pots, fill them with any Sort of Cream you like, either plain or sweeten’d, or Fruit in it; shut your Pots very close; to six Pots you must allow eighteen or twenty Pound of Ice, breaking the Ice very small; there will be some great Pieces, which lay at the Bottom and Top: You must have a Pail, and lay some Straw at the Bottom; then lay in your Ice, and put in amongst it a Pound of Bay-Salt; set in your Pots of Cream, and 93 lay Ice and Salt between every Pot, that they may not touch; but the Ice must lie round them on every Side; lay a good deal of Ice on the Top, cover the Pail with Straw, set it in a Cellar where no Sun or Light comes, it will be froze in four Hours, but it may stand longer; then take it out just as you use it; hold it in your Hand and it will slip out. When you wou’d freeze any Sort of Fruit, either Cherries, Rasberries, Currants, or Strawberries, fill your Tin-Pots with the Fruit, but as hollow as you can; put to them Lemmonade, made with Spring-Water and Lemmon-Juice sweeten’d; put enough in the Pots to make the Fruit hang together, and put them in Ice as you do Cream.
English recipe for ice cream, 1718
Genoese Medicine Chest, 1562-1566
This magnificent and unique medicine chest was made for Vincenzo Giustiniani (d. 1570), the last Genoese governor of the island of Chios in the eastern Aegean Sea. He ruled Chios from 1562 until the Turks expelled the Genoese in 1566 after an occupation of some two hundred years. On a box from the middle drawer is painted the symbol of Chios – a black eagle above a three-towered castle. The chest contains 126 bottles and pots for drugs, some of which still have their original contents. These include rhubarb powder, ointment for worms, juniper water and mustard oil. The chest measures nearly a metre long. The painting on the inside of the lid is a later addition. It remained in the Giustiniani family until it was bought by Henry Wellcome in 1924
Smith and Wesson .44 New Model No. 3 Single-Action Revolver, serial no. 25120, decorated by Tiffany & Co.
Good Times with Russell and Leslie, 1964.
1884 anthropological studies of Laplanders by Roland Bonaparte
Robert Wadlow, the tallest person in medical history, with his mother and brother in 1936. He was 18. The cut-off nature of the image of his brother is from what I can only assume is attempt at restoration, as originals of this photo are findable online in which the younger boy’s photograph isn’t messed up.
Robert’s gigantism was the result of a tumor’s development which put pressure his pituitary gland, which in turn caused the unregulated secretion of growth hormones.
He died at age 22, having reached a height of 8 feet, 11 inches, and weighing 439 pounds. His body showed no signs of ceasing its growth, even at his death.