Grace Hopper stands in front of a Univac mainframe in 1952.
Nazi Party membership files found near Munich, 1945. Ph: Herbert List
Henry O. Flipper
When the Army first began raising African-American units, the officers were exclusively white. It was more than 10 years before Henry O. Flipper, the first black graduate of West Point, was assigned as a lieutenant in the 10th Cavalry. Although in theory there was nothing barring the commissioning of seasoned black NCOs as officers, none were promoted on their merits between the founding of the African-American cavalry regiments in 1866 and 1895. As for those avoiding enlistment, although 22 black men had been appointed to the Academy by 1889, only three would graduate, suffering rampant abuse before during their time there and after commissioning.
Flipper was originally assigned to supervising the building of drainage ditches to combat malaria, and in 1881, when made acting commissary, he was accused with embezzlement and dismissed from the Army for conduct unbecoming. For the rest of his life he fought to clear his name, claiming white officers had set him up for racial reasons, but it wasn’t until 1976 that a review board agreed that his record should be changed to reflect an honorable discharge.
(US National Archives)
kosovar refugees in kukës, ph by cristina garcia rodero
98 year old dobri dobrev, a man who lost his hearing in the second world war, walks 10 kilometers from his village in his homemade clothes and leather shoes to the city of sofia, where he spends the day begging for money.
though a well recognized fixture around several of the city’s chruches, known for his prostrations of thanks to all donors, it was only recently discovered that he has donated every penny he has collected — over 40,000 euros — towards the restoration of decaying bulgarian monasteries and churches and the utility bills of orphanages, living entirely off his monthly state pension of 80 euros and the kindness of others.
Rare German etched State Halberd
- Belonged to the guard of Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau
- Dated: 1589
- Measurements: the head 58.2 cm. Overall length 230.3 cm
- Provenance: The Bavarian military occupation of Salzburg in 1809 led to the transfer of a quantity of these halberds to the city Zeughaus in Munich
The head comes with a broad central spike formed with a full-length ridge developing from a rectangular socket, the latter retained by a series of rivets on pounced gilt-brass rosettes extending to two pairs of long straps of near-equal length. It has a flat rear fluke with a reinforced point, an axe-blade with concave leading edge and cut with strongly cusped designs over the rear edges.
There’s also a group of four near-annular piercings at the base of the fluke and axe-blade, both sides etched with panels of swagged strapwork scrolls filled with small scrolling leafy tendrils, involving, at the top, a small cartouche framing the date 1589, three masks, respectively a cherub, a lion and an espangnolette, a pair of crouched centaurs in the middle.
The arms of Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau are quartered with those of the archbishopric of Salzburg below an Bishop’s galero suspending twelve tassels. The straps are decorated over their length with running pattern of small leafy cartouches and retained by brass-capped rivets. In its original pine haft fitted with bone shoe and stamped with the circular mark of an early inventory.
Source: © Hermann Historica
is this a giveaway cause im so down
Jewish resistance fighters captured by the Germans during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Woman to the right is Malka Zdrojewicz, who survived the Majdanek extermination camp. - 1943
Wartime sawmill “pit women,” Concord, New Hampshire, 1943. Photograph by John Collier.
A collection of Edwardian photographs, depicting some of the hairstyles of the time, like the Low Pompadour. Hatpin Hairstyle. Side-Swirls. Flapper (The title ‘Flapper’ originally referred to teenage girls
who wore their hair in single plait which often terminated in a wide ribbon bow.) & the pompadour.